Diet For Constipation – Foods to Eat and Avoid

Constipation is a common digestive problem that affects people of all ages. It is characterized by infrequent bowel movements, difficulty passing stools, and abdominal discomfort. While constipation can be caused by a variety of factors, including medication and medical conditions, diet is often the primary culprit. In this article, we will discuss the best and worst foods for constipation relief and provide lifestyle tips for maintaining regular bowel movements.


Foods to Eat for Constipation Relief

High-fiber Foods

One of the most effective ways to relieve constipation is to increase your fiber intake. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that your body cannot digest, but it helps move waste through your digestive system. The recommended daily fiber intake for adults is 25 to 30 grams, but many people fall short of this goal. To increase your fiber intake, focus on eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

Fruits and vegetables that are high in fiber include apples, pears, berries, broccoli, carrots, and spinach. Whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread are also good sources of fiber. Legumes like lentils, chickpeas, and black beans are especially high in fiber, as well as protein.

Hydrating Foods

Drinking plenty of water is crucial for maintaining regular bowel movements. When you are dehydrated, your body will absorb more water from your stools, making them harder and more difficult to pass. To prevent this from happening, aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day. You can also hydrate your body with herbal tea and fruit juice, both of which can have a laxative effect.

Probiotic-rich Foods

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in your gut and help promote healthy digestion. Eating foods that are rich in probiotics can help regulate your bowel movements and prevent constipation. Yogurt, kefir, and fermented foods like sauerkraut and kimchi are all excellent sources of probiotics.

Foods to Avoid for Constipation Relief

Processed Foods

Processed foods are often high in fat, sugar, and salt, and low in fiber. They can slow down your digestion and contribute to constipation. Avoid eating processed foods like chips, cookies,and frozen meals, and opt for whole, unprocessed foods instead.

Dairy Products

Dairy products like milk, cheese, and ice cream can be constipating for some people. This is because they are high in fat and low in fiber. If you find that dairy products make your constipation worse, try limiting your intake or switching to dairy-free alternatives like almond milk or soy cheese.

High-Fat Foods

Foods that are high in fat can slow down your digestion and contribute to constipation. This is because fats are difficult for your body to digest, and they can also absorb water in your stool, making it harder and more difficult to pass. Avoid high-fat foods like fried foods, fatty cuts of meat, and heavy cream-based sauces.

Low-Fiber Foods

Foods that are low in fiber can also contribute to constipation. This is because fiber helps add bulk to your stools and promotes regular bowel movements. Avoid low-fiber foods like white bread, pasta, and rice, and opt for whole grains instead.

Lifestyle Changes to Promote Regular Bowel Movements

In addition to eating a healthy diet, there are several lifestyle changes you can make to promote regular bowel movements. Regular exercise, for example, can help stimulate your digestive system and promote bowel regularity. Aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, most days of the week.

Stress management is also important for maintaining a healthy digestive system. Stress can cause your digestive system to slow down, leading to constipation. To manage stress, try relaxation techniques like deep breathing, yoga, or meditation.

Finally, proper hydration is crucial for maintaining regular bowel movements. Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day, and avoid dehydration by limiting your intake of caffeinated and alcoholic beverages.


Constipation is a common digestive problem that can be caused by a variety of factors, including diet and lifestyle. By eating a healthy diet rich in fiber, probiotics, and hydrating foods, and avoiding processed foods, dairy products, high-fat foods, and low-fiber foods, you can promote regular bowel movements and prevent constipation. In addition, incorporating lifestyle changes like regular exercise, stress management, and proper hydration can also help maintain a healthy digestive system.


  1. Can eating too much fiber cause constipation? No, eating too much fiber is unlikely to cause constipation. However, it is important to increase your fiber intake gradually to allow your body to adjust.
  2. Is coffee good or bad for constipation? Coffee can have a laxative effect for some people, but it can also be dehydrating, which can worsen constipation. It is best to consume coffee in moderation and ensure that you are staying hydrated.
  3. How long does it take for dietary changes to relieve constipation? It can take several days to a week for dietary changes to relieve constipation, depending on the severity of your symptoms and the changes you make.
  4. Can medication cause constipation? Yes, many medications can cause constipation as a side effect. If you are experiencing constipation while taking medication, speak to your doctor about possible solutions.
  5. When should I seek medical attention for constipation? If your constipation lasts for more than a few days, or if you are experiencing severe pain or bleeding, it is important to seek medical attention. These could be signs of a more serious underlying condition.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *